Thursday, April 2, 2009

Investigatory Project

The Feasibility of Malunggay leaves (Moringa Oleifera)

and Chili fruit ( Capsicum Frutescens) as Pesticide

ABSTRACT:

Pesticide making is popular nowadays and it is also very helpful in our world in the field of agriculture. Thus many people continue to experiment pesticides to produce better quality and quantity. Pesticide can be applied to the treatment of an organism, such as a crop or ornamental plant, against damage by other plants, insects, fungi, or animals.

The researcher aims to produce pesticide out of malunggay leaves and chilli fruit which is known in our country. And is very useful to many people and also to have another alternatives of pesticide.

The process in making pesticide was quite difficult and simple. First are you had to prepare all the materials needed .Second get the extract of the malunggay leaves and chilli fruit. Next , mix the the extract of the malunggay leaves and chilli fruit. After that store the solution in 5-7 days and aging process will then be continue.

The data and observation gathered is clearly state that the malunggay leaves and chilli fruit as pesticide is easily be contaminated when aging and the researcher therefore conclude that the malunggay leaves and chili fruit is feasible in making pesticide.

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study:

The Pesticide is a broad term that refers to any device, method, or chemicals that kill plants or animals that compete for humanity’s food supply or are otherwise undesirable. A pesticide chemical can rarely be used as originally manufactured. The pesticide must be diluted with water, oil, air or chemically inactive solids so that it can be handled by application equipment and spreas evenly over the area to be treated. It includes cockroach killer.

Malunggay called “Malunggay” in the Phippines, “Sajina” in the Indian Subcontinent, and “Moringa” in English, it is a popular tree. It grows wildly in a hot tropical climate. Both the leaves and fruits are very nutritious, which contain many vitamins like Vitamin C and other minerals.

Chili, the name, which is spelled differently in many regions chili, chile and chilli. The term chili in most of the world refers exclusively to the smaller hot types of capsicum. It is a hot pepper. Even though chilis maybe though as vegetable, their culinary usage is, a generally spice, the part of the plant that is usually harvested is the fruit.

The researcher conducted the study to find out if the malunggay leaves and chilli fruit could be utilized as a pesticide. And determines the effect of malunggay leaves and chilli fruit to the cockroach.

Statement of the Problem:

This study lies to find out the feasibility of malunggay leaves and chilli fruit as pesticide.(cockroach killer).

1.Is there a difference on the effect of malunggay leaves and chilli fruit and the commercial pesticides in terms of:

a.QUALITY

b.ODOR

c.EFFECTIVITY/EFFECT

Hypothesis:

NULL HYPOTHESIS

There is no significant difference between the malunggay leaves and chilli fruit pesticide and the commercial pesticide.

OPERATIONAL HYPOTHESIS

There is significant difference between the malunggay leaves and chilli fruit pesticide to the commercial pesticide.

Significance of the Study:

Cockroaches are one of the pests in the country that carries bacteria to people. They give people diseases as well as it can harm and suffer from these diseases and causes death. So people must kill cockroach.

On the other hand malunggay leaves and chilli fruit is also a good source of pesticide like capsaicin, rubefacient, sulphur-containing amino acids and others. Hot chillies makes effective the pesticide and it helps.

Thus this study was conducted to utilize malunggay and chilli as necessary components to kill cockroach rather than just ignoring it.

Scope and Limitation:

The study was limited on what kind of pests will be used it is only the cockroach. It is also limited the expiration date of the malunggay leaves and chili fruit pesticide because it take days or weeks to produce a bad smell.

Definition of Terms:

CAPSAICIM- is an active component of chilli. It is an irritant for mammals including human, and producing a sensation of the pancreas of mice.

RUBEFACIENT- is an active component of malunggay leaves. A substance for external application that produces a redness of the skin by causing dilation of capillaries and increase blood circulation.

METHIONINE and CYSTINE- an amino acid. One of the sulphur – containing proteinogenic amino acids.

PESTICIDE- chemicals that kill plants or animals. It must be diluted with water, oil, air or chemically inactive solids.

COCKROACH KILLER- chemicals that can kill cockroaches.

CHAPTER 2: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE:

PESTICIDE

The Pesticide is a broad term that refers to any device, method, or chemicals that kill plants or animals that compete for humanity’s food supply or are otherwise undesirable. Other pesticides such as derria, quassia, and tar oil followed but nineteenth-century were weak.

PESTICIDE FORMULATIONS

A Pesticide chemical can rarely be used as originally manufactured. The pesticide must be diluted with water, oil, air or chemically inactive solids so that it can be handled by application equipment and spreas evenly over the area to be treated. A single pesticide is often sold in several different formulations. The applicator should choose the formulation that will best hs requirements for a particular job. Considerations in making choice include effectiveness against the pests, habits of the pest, animal or surface to be protected. The final product is called a pesticide formulation and is ready to use either as packaged or diluted with water or other carriers.

MALUNGGAY LEAVES AND CHILI FRUIT

Malunggay also known as Horseradish “Malunggay” in Philippines, “Sajina” in the Indian Subcontinent, and “Moringa”in English, it is a popular tree. It grows very wildly in a hot tropical climate. Both the leaves and fuits are very nutritious, which may contain many vitamins like Vitamin C and other minerals. It contains the properties of galactagogue, rubefacient, antiscorcutic, diuretic, stimulant, purgative, antibiotic and antifugal. Malunggay is a good source of pesticide because it contain rubefacient. It is an active component of malunggay leaves. A substance for external application that produces a redness of the skin by causing dilation of capillaries and increase blood circulation.

Chili, is which is spelled differently in many regions chilli, chile, and chilli. The term chilli in most of the world refers exclusively to the smaller hot types of capsaicim. It is a hot pepper. Eventhough chilis maybe though as vegetable, their culinary usage is, a generally spice, the part of the plant that is usually harvested is the fruit. Researchers used capsaicim from chillies to kill the nerve cells in the pancreas of mice. And Chili also contains hotness which can kill cockroaches.

MANUFACTURING PESTICIDE:

Manufacturing pesticide involves at least three separate activities. The active ingredients is first synthesize in a chemical factory, then formulated in the same plants or sent toa formulator, to prepare a liquid or powder form. Synthesizing the pesticide is a complex chemical procedure. An emulsified formulation is usually concentrated to render transport casier, but granulated and dry pesticides are ready to use.

CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY

Materials

Ingredients

*10 stalks of malunggay leaves

*20 pieces of chilli fruit

*100 ml distilled water

Method of Research and Procedure:

Method of Research

The method of research in this study was experimental method of research. The purpose was to study the relative effect of various set-ups:

SET-UP A: The extract of the malunggay leaves

SET-UP B: The extract of the chili fruit

SET-UP C: The mixture of the extract of the malunggay leaves and the The extract of the chili fruit.

Method of Collecting Data:

The method of collecting data was a comparative survey. It was mainly concerned only on the effect of the cockroach between the malunggay leaves and chilli frit pesticide and the commercial pesticides. Researchers used the counting method. To count how many cockroaches eas unable to survive and die.

Research Design:

Common cockroaches are living outside or in sewers and come into houses. Cockroaches ar generally found first or either the attic or basements. Cockraoach carries a lot of bacteria that can give us diseases. Cockroach also distribute germs to entire of the house, especially into the kitchen. Cockroach is a pest that give people diseases. The Malunggay leaves and Chili fruit is an independent variable while the pesticide is the dependent variable.

CHAPTER 4: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

This chapter shows the investigation of Malunggay leaves and Chili fruit as pesticide. The data was shown in tabular form. There are five tables that are shown.

TRIAL 1

TABLE 1: Cockroach tested with Malunggay leaves Pesticide

Number of times spray

Number of Cockroaches

Number of Cockroaches killed

TIME KILLED

2

3

-

-

4

3

1

1 minute

In the first table, Malunggay Pesticide was used by the researcher. There are two tables consisting of 3 cockroaches and a constant number time of spray. The cockroach didn’t die in the 2 times number of spray therefore it is less effective.

TABLE 2: Cockroach tested with Chili fruit Pesticide

Number of times spray

Number of Cockroaches

Number of Cockroaches killed

TIME KILLED

2

3

1

24 seconds

4

3

2

40 seconds

In the second table, the cockroach was tested with Chili fruit Pesticide.It is effective.

TABLE 3: Cockroach tested with Malunggay leaves and Chili fruit Pesticide

Number of times spray

Number of Cockroaches

Number of Cockroaches killed

TIME KILLED

2

3

1

1 minute

4

3

3

40 seconds

In the third table, the Malunggay leaves and Chili fruit Pesticide was used by the researcher.It is more effective than the second table and the first table.

TABLE 4: Cockroach tested with Commercial Pesticide

Number of times spray

Number of Cockroaches

Number of Cockroaches killed

TIME KILLED

2

3

3

30 seconds

4

3

3

20 seconds

In the fourth table, the Cockroach was tested with Commercial Pesticide.All the cockroaches died in just a couple of seconds.

Comparison on the effect of Malunggay leaves and Chili Fruit Pesticide to the Commercial Pesticide.

The effect of Malunggay leaves and Chili Fruit Pesticide to the Commercial Pesticide is that the malunggay leaves and chilli fruit is effective but the commercial pesticide is more effective.

TRIAL 2

TABLE 1: Cockroach tested with Malunggay leaves Pesticide

Number of times spray

Number of Cockroaches

Number of Cockroaches killed

TIME KILLED

2

3

-

-

4

3

1

1 minute

In the first table, Malunggay Pesticide was used by the researcher. There are two tables consisting of 3 cockroaches and a constant number time of spray. The cockroach didn’t die in the 2 times number of spray therefore it is less effective.

TABLE 2: Cockroach tested with Chili fruit Pesticide

Number of times spray

Number of Cockroaches

Number of Cockroaches killed

TIME KILLED

2

3

1

30 seconds

4

3

1

25 seconds

In the second table, the cockroach was tested with Chili fruit Pesticide.It shows the effectivity of the Chili Fruit.

TABLE 3: Cockroach tested with Malunggay leaves and Chili fruit Pesticide

Number of times spray

Number of Cockroaches

Number of Cockroaches killed

TIME KILLED

2

3

2

40 seconds

4

3

1

1 minute

In the third table, the Malunggay leaves and Chili fruit Pesticide was used by the researcher.It is effective if the two substances are mixed together.

TABLE 4: Cockroach tested with Commercial Pesticide

Number of times spray

Number of Cockroaches

Number of Cockroaches killed

TIME KILLED

2

3

3

20 seconds

4

3

3

20 seconds

In the fourth table, the Cockroach was tested with Commercial Pesticide.All the cockroaches died in just a couple of seconds.

Comparison on the effect of Malunggay leaves and Chili Fruit Pesticide to the Commercial Pesticide

The effect of Malunggay leaves and Chili Fruit Pesticide to the Commercial Pesticide is that the malunggay leaves and chilli fruit is effective but the commercial pesticide is more effective.

CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

CONCLUSION

The researcher therefore conclude that the Malunggay leaves (Moringa Oleifera) and Chili fruit (Capsisum Frutescens) is feasible in making pesticide in this experimentation.

RECOMMENDATION

The researcher would like to recommend more study about the malunggay and chili as pesticide and accurate procedure and measures will be used.

References

http://www.malunggay.com

http://www.answers.com/topic/pesticide

hhtp://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/chilli/pepper

http://stuartxchange.com/malunggay.html

Acknowledgment

The researcher would like to express her gratitude appreciation and thanks to the people behind the success of the experiment. First and foremost her guardians for the financial assistance and understanding they gave. To all her friends for the support and source of information they gave. To Ms. Balve Granido who untiringly taught us and who is patience in our research study and to all the teachers who help in one way or another in the success of the experiment. And most especially our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ who always give her strength, knowledge and wisdom in her studies and who help her in everything and the source of all goodness.

4 comments:

  1. Thank you for posting this! it really helps me a lot! :)

    ReplyDelete
  2. this blog gaved me an idea of how to do Investigatory project... Salamat jud kaayo

    ReplyDelete